Middle Easter Instruments
Lebanese Drums AKA Tabel (الطبل)
Drum of percussion instruments. Big Drum consists of a circular wooden frame shape it pulls the sides of a piece of skin, and tightens the wire on one side or cutaneous tendon. Drummer holds his machine on his chest by the scope of the skin, and using his right hand stick with a spherical head of felt or wood. As it holds in the left arm with a stick or bamboo without a head. The oldest artifact containing the scene to use the Big Drum came from Iraq, a Sumerian stone obelisk replied dating to about 2600 BC, which is found in the Iraqi Museum. With the passage of time, there were many sizes and shapes and drums continued to use up to the present time. In addition to this large drum usedAssyrians pleurisy drum and the drum cylinder that narrows at the bottom, such as drum Cuba, known as "Konkaz." And drum machines from within the music you quoted from Middle Europe during the Crusades, and it used different sizes in military music and jazz bands and orchestra
The lute is a word which comes from the Spanish laud, which came from the Arabic word for the instrument, al-ud (meaning the branch of a tree). The lute is shaped like a half pear with a short fretted neck. It has six sets of double strings and played with a pick, usually a trimmed eagle’s feather. This instrument has a deep and mellow sound.
The mijwiz, which literally means "double" in Arabic, is a very popular instrument used in Lebanese music. It is a type of reed clarinet. It is played by breathing smoothly through a circular aperture at the end and by moving the fingers over the holes down the front of the tube in order to create the different notes. Theminjjayrah is similar to the mijwiz, an open ended reed flute played in the same style. It is very popular among mountain villagers of Lebanon.
The tablah is a small hand-drum, also known as the durbakke. Most tablahs are beautifully decorated, some with wood, tile or bone inlay, etched metal, or paintings in designs typical of the Near East. One of the most commonly played percussion instrument, the tablah is a membranophone of goat or fish skin stretched over a vase-shaped drum with a wide neck. Usually made of earthenware or metal, it is placed either under the left arm or between the legs and struck in the middle for the strong beats and on the edge for the sharp in-between beats.
The daff, also known as the rikk, is a popular instrument corresponding to the tambourine. It consists of a round frame, covered on one side with goat or fish skin. Pairs of metal discs are set into the frame to produce the jingle when struck by the hand. The sounds of this percussion instrument sets the rhythm of a lot of Arab music, particularly in classical performances.
The word buzuq comes from Turkish and occurs in bashi-buzuq, the name given to the Ottoman troops, literally meaning "burnt head" or "uprooted". The buzuq, which is an essential instrument in the Rahbani repertoire, is a hybrid instrument that is not classified among the classical instruments of Arab music or among those of Turkish music. However, this instrument may be looked upon as a larger and deeper-toned relative of the Turkish saz, to which it could be compared in the same way that the viola is compared to the violin in Western music. Before the Rahbanis popularized the use of this instrument, the buzaq had been associated with the gypsy music of Lebanon. A long-necked fretted string instrument, the buzuq is furnished with two metal strings which are played with a plectrum. Famous Lebanese players of this instrument are Zaki Nassif, Philemon Wehbe, The Rahbani Brothers, Romeo Lahoud, Walid Gholmieh, and Boghos Gelalian.